Making the design process in design education explicit: two exploratory case studies

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Elise van Dooren Thijs Asselbergs Machiel van Dorst Els Boshuizen Jeroen van Merriënboer


The aim of design education is that students learn to think and act like designers. However,
the focus in the design studio is mainly on the design product, whereas the ‘why and how’ of
the design process are barely addressed. A risk of learning by performing real-life tasks
without addressing the skills involved, that is, without receiving appropriate support and
guidance, is that learners are overwhelmed by the complexity of the tasks.
To make the design process explicit, a conceptual framework is developed in earlier research.
This paper reports a first evaluation how articulation of basic designerly1 skills with the help
of a conceptual tool is perceived by students and teachers and whether it changes students’
conceptions of the design process and their self-efficacy. In two exploratory case studies,
questionnaires give insight. The first is a short intervention in which student’s perception is
measured. In the second case study the design process was addressed in the design studio. It
measured changes in student’s conceptions and self-efficacy. Also, insight is provided in
teacher’s perception of working with the framework.
The results of these exploratory studies indicate a positive effect. The teachers involved
perceived the framework as a structuring factor during the tutoring sessions, for both teacher
and students. Students did perceive explanation of the design process as being helpful. A
change in students’ design conceptions and an increase in self-efficacy is seen.

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How to Cite
VAN DOOREN, Elise et al. Making the design process in design education explicit: two exploratory case studies. Design and Technology Education: an International Journal, [S.l.], v. 25, n. 1, p. 13-34, feb. 2020. ISSN 1360-1431. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 29 may 2023.

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