The Impact of Lack of Resources on Declining Students’ Enrolments in Design and Technology in Botswana Junior Secondary Schools

Michael Gaotlhobogwe
2012, Vol. 17, No. 1,


Lack of resources has resulted in declining students’
enrolment in design and technology in Botswana junior
secondary schools by up to 6% per year over 10 years,
despite positive encouragement by the government. Based
on the PATT (pupils’ attitude towards technology)
theoretical framework this study indicated how a lack of
resources in Botswana junior secondary schools impacted
upon students’ attitudes towards design and technology.
Research from most parts of the world indicates that
attitudes toward technology is increasingly becoming an
important area of research as the impact of technology on
society increases. Technological impact on society has
resulted in a shift of perceptions about the role of
technology education the world over. Views of students
expressed during focus group interviews and analysed
through a hybrid of a data driven inductive approach and
deductive a priori template of codes approach indicated
that lack of resources impacted upon students’ enjoyment
and performance of Design and Technology.


design and technology, technology education, Botswana, attitudes and perceptions, Nvivo

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