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Author Guidelines

Journal Overview The mission of the new international Journal is to publish high quality research, scholarly and review papers relating to design and technology education. There will be three issues each year and five or six substantial articles in each issue. Submissions are welcomed relating to the primary, secondary and higher education sectors, initial teacher education (ITE) and continuous professional development (CPD). Contributions to the on-going research debate are encouraged from any country. The expectation is that the new Journal will publish articles at the leading edge of the worldwide development of the subject area. The final edition each year will include published versions of the keynotes from the D&T Association’s International Research Conference. The normal word limit for articles is 5000 words, although up to 8000 words will be permitted in exceptional circumstances. Visual illustrations are encouraged in keeping with design and technology’s ethos and practice. It is the Journal’s policy to positively encourage the submission of articles based on action research by practitioners, which has been the bedrock of the subject’s development for several decades. The Journal would also welcome the opportunity to publish substantial literature reviews in order to consolidate contributions which have been made to the subject, and ensure that they are accessible to current researchers and teachers. Articles for consideration by the Editorial Board should be emailed to If you wish to submit an article by post, please supply one paper copy plus an electronic copy on disc. Please address to: The Design and Technology Association, 16 Wellesbourne House, Walton Road, Wellesbourne, Warwickshire, CV35 9JB. Some detailed notes on the preparation of research articles are provided at the end of these guidelines. The articles will be ‘blind’ refereed by three members of the Editorial Board, who will remain anonymous, and authors will receive feedback through the Editor. Developing Conference Papers for Submission to the Journal The conference paper, such as one written for the D&T Association International Research Conference, would have been subject to a word count restriction (typically 2500 words) in order to ensure that it is possible to present its content in 15-20 minutes. Clearly, this constraint is removed for a Journal article, and replaced by a larger word limit. The word count restriction on a conference paper normally means that the agenda it addresses has been correspondingly restricted and the paper has perhaps also been deliberately slanted towards the conference theme. For a Journal article, it might be possible to put the research more firmly into context by looking more extensively at prior research by others on the topic, or by looking at wider implications of the research work completed (beyond the conference theme). This might involve some further literature-based research, but it does not necessarily mean that any further data collection needs to be carried out. Conference delegates might have suggested other authors whose work the researcher should review. A further area that can be developed within a Journal article is a discussion of the research methods employed. It is possible that other methods were considered and rejected (but not reported). The methods chosen might have known strengths and weaknesses which have not been fully explored in the conference paper. It may be possible to make comparisons with studies which use similar research methods, but which were not discussed in the conference paper, perhaps because they were too loosely related to the conference theme. Again, conference delegates may have suggested other studies with which the author might compare their work. It is likely that the discussion at the conference will, in any case, have moved the research thinking on and this can be captured, or the data re-examined in the light of new suggestions. The intention is obviously not to republish the conference paper, but to consider the possibility of publishing a related ‘deeper, richer’ account of the developing research. Conference papers are often thought of as ‘stepping stones’ towards more thorough research accounts, and perhaps the process is best thought of in that light. The author could consider how the subject matter has revealed itself during the process, their aims and how close they are to realising them. It is hoped that the conference paper presentation and subsequent discussion with delegates might contribute some new understanding. Developing Research Assignments for Submission to the Journal Many teachers undertake CPD programmes that incorporate research elements such as literature reviews or action research studies. Some teachers also undertake MPhil and PhD degrees or other higher qualifications, such as EdD. Although assignments undertaken for such programmes will initially be formatted in accordance with the submission requirements, such postgraduate students might consider the possibility of submitting their work to a research conference or journal. A poster or PowerPoint presentation at the D&T Association’s International Research Conference provides the most straightforward first step to getting feedback on your work from the research community, however conference papers have been successfully written based on such action research programmes (e.g. Alison Hardy’s Questioning Styles: observations of differences in practice at Key Stage 2 and Key Stage 3 at the 2004 International Research Conference. A copy of this paper can be downloaded from the members section of the D&T Association website: Of course, it might also be appropriate to submit an article to the Journal based on the research undertaken and such submissions would be welcomed. Some Detailed Notes on Research Articles Research articles would be expected to make an original contribution to design and technology education research. Such contributions should be based on evidence (e.g. newly acquired data, historical records, published work). The article should have a title, name(s) of author(s), their titles and affiliations. It should have an abstract of between 200 and 250 words. It should have six keywords for reference purposes. The paper should not be more than 5000 words in length, unless there are exceptional circumstances. All submissions must be typed in good English, they must have been spellchecked and include a word count (excluding the abstract and title). All pages must be numbered and double-spaced in order to facilitate the refereeing process. All references should use the Harvard Method of referencing and details of this are given in the following section. Any information relating to authorship including affiliations should be confined to a removable front page and should be free of clues such as self citations, e.g: ‘in our previous work…’ Example of an Abstract The teaching and learning of technology for design Dr Eddie Norman, Senior Lecturer, Department of Design and Technology, Loughborough University, Co- Director IDATER Abstract This paper presents a non-linear model of design and technology that illustrates the concept of technology for design (or technology for the purposes of those engaged in designing). The model shows technology for design as the summation of the knowledge, skills and values employed in design decision-making. Technology’s relationship with science is discussed and research evidence concerning the emergence of new technology for a polymer acoustic guitar is described. This is a fully-documented case study, which demonstrates the existence of knowledge, skills and values that are derived from designing and making rather than science. Learning ‘by doing’ and teaching ‘by showing’ and their pedagogical implications are discussed. Examples are given from the author’s teaching of undergraduates, which demonstrate the teaching of technology for design through designing i.e. where design activities are a teaching and learning strategy (e.g. injection moulding and the use of recycled materials). Examples are also given of technologies for which research evidence has indicated that there is a need for them to be taught prior to designing if they are going to be employed effectively (e.g. structures). These ideas are further illustrated using examples from a resource pack on kite design and technology for KS3. The paper shows the importance of sustaining designing and making as a teaching and learning strategy in order to promote innovative and creative designs in the next century. (226 words) Key words Models, technology, design, teaching, learning, guitar APA method of Referencing Three issues of journal will appear each year in February, June and October. It uses APA Referencing as described below. APA Referencing is the referencing style of the American Psychological Association which is often used in the social sciences. APA is much the same as Harvard Referencing, following the format to cite a book: * Author, surname and initials, followed by a full stop * Publication year in brackets, followed by a full stop * Title of text in italics followed by a full stop * Place of publication followed by a colon * Name of publishers followed by a full stop Thus, the citation of a book in APA would be like this: Taylor, T. (2014). How to Reference. London: Macmillan. To cite a journal, follow this layout: * Author of article, surname and initials followed by a full stop * Date of publication in brackets followed by a *full stop * Title of article followed by a full stop * Title of journal in italics followed by a full stop * Issue number followed by a full stop * Page numbers followed by a full stop. The citation of a journal in APA would be like this: Taylor, T. (2014). Good Referencing. Referencing Today. 2. 11-26. To cite an electronic text in APA follow this structure: * Author of article, surname and initials followed by a full stop * Date of publication in brackets followed by a full stop * Name of article followed by a full stop * Name of website in italics followed by a full stop * Date retrieved followed by a full stop * Website URL The citation of an electronic source in APA would look like this: Taylor, J. (2007). APA Referencing. Online Referencing Guide. Retrieved Jan 5, 2015, from In the body of the essay, referencing is parenthetical, as for Harvard Referencing.


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  3. When available, the URLs to access references online are provided, including those for open access versions of the reference. The URLs are ready to click (e.g.,
  4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review) have been followed.

Copyright Notice

Published papers become the copyright of The Design and Technology Association unless otherwise agreed and the D&T Association reserves the right to publish articles in other media (e.g on the Association website).


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